Effect Of Different Seasonal Strength Training Protocols On Circulating Androgen Levels And Performance Parameters In Professional Soccer Players – Soccer Science | Football Science | Soccer Performance
The main androgen, testosterone, affects a variety of parameters such as body composition, muscle metabolism and function, protein synthesis, and muscle mass.18,23 These parameters are related with the ability to perform efficiently during exercise.23,35,39 Furthermore, previous findings from different athletic populations indicate a linear relationship between maximal explosive force, 5 force production, 22 jumping and sprinting ability8,30,32 and testosterone levels. The association between testosterone and exercise is bidirectional, i.e. testosterone affects exercise and is affected by it. Indeed, testosterone response to exercise is a result of a combination of different factors such as volume, intensity, type of exercise, and training status of the subjects.

研究目的:研究三种季节性训练计划对足球运动员的雄性激素水平和表现参数的影响,这些训练计划在强度上基本不同。设计:67名足球运动员参加了这项研究,他们是三个不同的职业球队的成员。训练计划的强度被评估为高(A队,n=23)、中(B队,n=22)和低(C队,n=22)。血液样本被分析为总睾酮、自由睾酮和激活睾酮的代谢产物3a-雄烯二醇葡萄糖醛酸(3a-Diol-G)。在季前赛开始时、中期(中点)和比赛结束时(终点),对球员进行了最大耗氧量(VO2max)、小队跳(SJ)、反身跳(CMJ)、10米和20米冲刺性能测试。结果:所有球队的所有性能参数在中点之前都有显著增加(P
研究结果表明,力量训练与密集的足球训练相结合,引起了循环TT和3a-Diol-G水平的升高,同时也诱发了表现能力的提高。
我们认为,由于力量训练的量而导致的内源性雄性激素的升高表明,提高运动成绩的唯一方法是艰苦训练。
没有替代物或捷径。如果机体需要更多的雄性激素,它就会内源性地产生它们。


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